Throughout the Ottoman Empire, a crucial objective of education was to raise 'excellent Muslims'. Thus there was a need for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Faith Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were combined to form the tangible origins these days's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Marriage of Educational Instruction was passed, changing the existing, primarily sectarian educational system with a secular, centralist and nationalist education one. The brand-new law brought all instructional institutions under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Faculty of Faith at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), unique schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the brand-new Ministry of National Education. However, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Faculty of Divinity was abolished.
In contrast to the specifically secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican politician Individuals's Celebration (CHP) spiritual education was reinstated in 1948. This included the establishment of a Faculty of Theology at the University of Ankara in 1949. Initial steps for the facility of Imam Hatip schools started in 1951 under the Democrat Celebration federal government, which set up seven special secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools experienced the danger of closure. Following the go back to civilian politics and the intro of the new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools might only enrol in university programmes if they had passed courses provided at secular schools. During the premiership of Süleyman Demirel however, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were given access to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état presented two crucial reforms: firstly junior high Imam Hatip schools were eliminated, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were relabelled as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were defined as professional schools, where trainees were to be trained as preachers and ministers or gotten ready for college.
Imam Hatip schools grew slowly initially, but their numbers broadened rapidly to 334 during the 1970s. The union federal government of 1974, established by the CHP and the MSP (National Salvation Celebration), devoted to reopen junior high schools and providing the right of entry to university through examination. 230 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a duration of nearly four years. During the 1974-75 school year the variety of trainees attending to the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, females got the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The expansion of Imam Hatip high schools is typically mentioned as the impact of the National Salvation Celebration's subscription of a variety of unions with Nationalist Front governments.
Situation since 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a vital turning point in the history of Turkey and also for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools acquired the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, 2 new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the region, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the aim of adding to the education of kids of households who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had actually not increased since, the variety of trainees attending Imam Hatip high schools has actually increased by 45%. This is partially due to the improvement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education used at such schools.
During the education year of 1973-74, the overall variety of Imam Hatip students was 34,570; in 1997 this number had greatly increased to reach 511,502. Together with this enormous boost in popularity, the variety of schools also increased. The variety of Imam Hatip junior high schools reached 601 and secondary schools 402. The boost in both trainee and school numbers can be credited to elements consisting of the dedication of people to religious beliefs, dormitory facilities, scholarships, the admittance of females and a boost in demand for religious education.
Research study recommends that between the years of 1993 and 2000, prospective students registered at Imam Hatip high schools mostly to get spiritual tutoring alongside a more general education.In addition, research shows enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based exclusively on the trainee's choice. The 3rd suggested consider the increase in appeal of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female students in 1976. By 1998, almost 100,000 females went to Imam Hatip high schools, making up practically half of all trainees. This fact is especially exposing since ladies are not eligible to become either priests or ministers.
However, the intro of 8 years of required education in 1997 has actually seen an unexpected decline in the Click here for info appeal of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "vocational schools" suggested that, although more alternatives had actually been offered to graduates, attaining locations at distinguished university courses became more difficult.By needing that all 8 compulsory years of education be invested under the very same primary-school roofing system, intermediate schools were abolished. Children could not go into employment schools (among them the Imam Hatip school) until the ninth grade (rather than the sixth, as before).